Friday 28 July 2017

Short Observations

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JMH International Essays — Announcement

Original Essays on the Psychology of Anger and/or Violence 

We thank all those who have submitted an essay to the JMH International Prize Essay Contest. As of now, February 1, 2017, we have decided not to continue with the contest.

For those who feel they have an important contribution to the subject of the Psychology of Anger and/or Violence, please feel free to submit your essay with the form provided here. If the judges agree that the essay is a significant contribution, we will publish it here (subject to agreement with the author).

We include here links related to past essays — For the 2014 contest, click here for the summary article and here for the list of winners; for the 2015 contest, click here for the summary article and the list of winners; and for the 2016 contest, click here.

Longer Observations

Longer observation (7): Science and Self-Knowledge: It is easy to have views about things, even strong views, even certainties, and to be wrong. Science does not guarantee truth, but the scientific method is an attempt to subject our views, even our certain views, to a slow and methodic and public scrutiny, filled with checks and safe-guards to try to filter out as many false views as possible.

Everybody has views of the world and also of themselves. Others may not see us the way we see ourselves, and all kinds of disputes follow from this.

Now some people, some percentage of people (though not necessarily a large percentage) enter psychotherapy, because they want to learn about themselves, want self-knowledge. They are willing to examine themselves and look at the truth. They want to know the difference between their own subjective views of themselves and what they are in reality.

It might seem that science could jump in to the rescue, but this is not true. Science may study human beings but not individuals. Also it takes science years and years to make even small progress on small questions, but human life is short, comparatively speaking. In other words, if a person wants to study him or herself scientifically, and not people in general, perhaps there are a few things that can be learned about themselves based on what science has learned about people in general, but these will be general principles and will be of little use in the myriad circumstances of daily life.

Is there a method a person who wants to be objective about him (or her) self can apply to himself? Here are a few thoughts on the subject:

1) Observation, careful observation, is a critical first step in all science, and it is here also.

2) It is possible to do experiments on oneself. These will not be double-blind, scientifically reliable and valid experiments, and there is always the possibility of self-delusion, but it still is possible. You can set yourself into different situations and watch your reaction, and so on.

3) A scientific attitude where the truth is valued as one of the highest values — more important than the need to feel good — is important, even though this value can lead to false negatives.

4) Gathering the views of others about oneself can be a help. It gives other points of view besides your own. However, even if the majority view differs from your own it doesn't necessarily that yours is wrong, though it might be.

Related articles

Two Approaches to Understanding Psychology

via reflection on the world
via reflection on one's immediate experience
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   the One   the Whole
the Sacred
the Ordinary
People
Action
Experience
Consciousness
Universals
feeling stuck
feelings of failing,        of dying
waiting
 waking up — feeling reborn
   focusing   on the self
confronting the   unconscious
the whole person
living in multiple       worlds
learning about     the world
feelings of success,     of the good life